Report Summary

  • 51

    Performance

    Renders faster than
    69% of other websites

  • 95

    Accessibility

    Visual factors better than
    that of 90% of websites

  • 83

    Best Practices

    More advanced features
    available than in
    65% of websites

  • 93

    SEO

    Google-friendlier than
    88% of websites

rand.org

RAND Corporation Provides Objective Research Services and Public Policy Analysis | RAND

Page Load Speed

3.4 sec in total

First Response

187 ms

Resources Loaded

2.7 sec

Page Rendered

602 ms

rand.org screenshot

About Website

Visit rand.org now to see the best up-to-date RAND content for United States and also check out these interesting facts you probably never knew about rand.org

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND focuses on the issues that matter most such as health, education, natio...

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Key Findings

We analyzed Rand.org page load time and found that the first response time was 187 ms and then it took 3.3 sec to load all DOM resources and completely render a web page. This is a poor result, as 50% of websites can load faster.

Performance Metrics

rand.org performance score

51

Measured Metrics

name

value

score

weighting

FCP (First Contentful Paint)

Value3.5 s

34/100

10%

LCP (Largest Contentful Paint)

Value4.0 s

51/100

25%

SI (Speed Index)

Value5.6 s

53/100

10%

TBT (Total Blocking Time)

Value460 ms

62/100

30%

CLS (Cumulative Layout Shift)

Value0.276

44/100

15%

TTI (Time to Interactive)

Value8.3 s

39/100

10%

Network Requests Diagram

rand.org

187 ms

www.rand.org

313 ms

base.css

290 ms

home.css

258 ms

core-init.js

318 ms

Our browser made a total of 116 requests to load all elements on the main page. We found that 9% of them (11 requests) were addressed to the original Rand.org, 55% (64 requests) were made to Wwwassets.rand.org and 16% (18 requests) were made to Use.typekit.net. The less responsive or slowest element that took the longest time to load (1.4 sec) belongs to the original domain Rand.org.

Page Optimization Overview & Recommendations

Page size can be reduced by 1.4 MB (16%)

Content Size

9.1 MB

After Optimization

7.6 MB

In fact, the total size of Rand.org main page is 9.1 MB. This result falls beyond the top 1M of websites and identifies a large and not optimized web page that may take ages to load. 85% of websites need less resources to load and that’s why Accessify’s recommendations for optimization and resource minification can be helpful for this project. Images take 7.9 MB which makes up the majority of the site volume.

HTML Optimization

-77%

Potential reduce by 106.1 kB

  • Original 137.0 kB
  • After minification 137.0 kB
  • After compression 30.9 kB

HTML content can be minified and compressed by a website’s server. The most efficient way is to compress content using GZIP which reduces data amount travelling through the network between server and browser. HTML code on this page is well minified. It is highly recommended that content of this web page should be compressed using GZIP, as it can save up to 106.1 kB or 77% of the original size.

Image Optimization

-8%

Potential reduce by 609.2 kB

  • Original 7.9 MB
  • After minification 7.3 MB

Image size optimization can help to speed up a website loading time. The chart above shows the difference between the size before and after optimization. RAND images are well optimized though.

JavaScript Optimization

-74%

Potential reduce by 607.0 kB

  • Original 816.5 kB
  • After minification 807.9 kB
  • After compression 209.5 kB

It’s better to minify JavaScript in order to improve website performance. The diagram shows the current total size of all JavaScript files against the prospective JavaScript size after its minification and compression. It is highly recommended that all JavaScript files should be compressed and minified as it can save up to 607.0 kB or 74% of the original size.

CSS Optimization

-82%

Potential reduce by 124.7 kB

  • Original 152.3 kB
  • After minification 152.2 kB
  • After compression 27.6 kB

CSS files minification is very important to reduce a web page rendering time. The faster CSS files can load, the earlier a page can be rendered. Rand.org needs all CSS files to be minified and compressed as it can save up to 124.7 kB or 82% of the original size.

Requests Breakdown

Number of requests can be reduced by 23 (24%)

Requests Now

97

After Optimization

74

The browser has sent 97 CSS, Javascripts, AJAX and image requests in order to completely render the main page of RAND. We recommend that multiple CSS and JavaScript files should be merged into one by each type, as it can help reduce assets requests from 19 to 1 for JavaScripts and as a result speed up the page load time.

Accessibility Review

rand.org accessibility score

95

Accessibility Issues

Contrast

These are opportunities to improve the legibility of your content.

Impact

Issue

High

Background and foreground colors do not have a sufficient contrast ratio.

Navigation

These are opportunities to improve keyboard navigation in your application.

Impact

Issue

High

Heading elements are not in a sequentially-descending order

Names and labels

These are opportunities to improve the semantics of the controls in your application. This may enhance the experience for users of assistive technology, like a screen reader.

Impact

Issue

High

Links do not have a discernible name

Best Practices

rand.org best practices score

83

Areas of Improvement

Trust and Safety

Impact

Issue

High

Does not use HTTPS

High

Includes front-end JavaScript libraries with known security vulnerabilities

Low

Ensure CSP is effective against XSS attacks

General

Impact

Issue

Low

Detected JavaScript libraries

SEO Factors

rand.org SEO score

93

Search Engine Optimization Advices

Content Best Practices

Format your HTML in a way that enables crawlers to better understand your app’s content.

Impact

Issue

High

Links do not have descriptive text

Mobile Friendly

Make sure your pages are mobile friendly so users don’t have to pinch or zoom in order to read the content pages. [Learn more](https://developers.google.com/search/mobile-sites/).

Impact

Issue

High

Document uses legible font sizes

Language and Encoding

  • Language Detected

    EN

  • Language Claimed

    N/A

  • Encoding

    UTF-8

Language claimed in HTML meta tag should match the language actually used on the web page. Otherwise Rand.org can be misinterpreted by Google and other search engines. Our service has detected that English is used on the page, and neither this language nor any other was claimed in <html> or <meta> tags. Our system also found out that Rand.org main page’s claimed encoding is utf-8. Use of this encoding format is the best practice as the main page visitors from all over the world won’t have any issues with symbol transcription.

Social Sharing Optimization

Open Graph description is not detected on the main page of RAND. Lack of Open Graph description can be counter-productive for their social media presence, as such a description allows converting a website homepage (or other pages) into good-looking, rich and well-structured posts, when it is being shared on Facebook and other social media. For example, adding the following code snippet into HTML <head> tag will help to represent this web page correctly in social networks: